Table of Contents

Research Misconduct Policy

Research Misconduct Policy

Research misconduct includes fabrication of data, falsification of results, plagiarism or self-plagiarism in proposing, performing, or reporting research results. Research misconduct will not be tolerated in any Rovedar journal publication.


Plagiarism is defined as (1) copying someone else’s exact words, either in whole or in part, without quoting and properly citing, either intentionally or inadvertently, (2) paraphrasing another author(s)’ work, either in whole or in part, without properly citing, (3) presenting the results of another individual’s research as one’s own, (4) representing facts, statistical analysis, or charts created by someone else as one’s own. Using the same research methodology or analytical procedures is not considered plagiarism so long as the empirical data is originally obtained (or used with permission) and the statistical analysis is performed on the originally obtained data by the submitting authors.

Self-plagiarism is defined as the republication in whole or part of an author’s own previously published work without appropriately quoting or paraphrasing and citing.

There is a zero-tolerance policy towards plagiarism (including self-plagiarism) in Rovedar journals. Manuscripts are screened for plagiarism by iThenticate, a plagiarism finding tool, before or during publication, and if found they will be rejected at any stage of processing.

Data Fabrication and Falsification means the researcher did not really carry out the study, but manipulated, omitted, and made up data by reporting the fabricated information from the research findings.

Simultaneous Submission occurs when a manuscript or its substantial sections submitted to a journal are already under consideration by another journal. Adhering to publishing norms, it is considered unethical to simultaneously submit a single manuscript to multiple journals. Such a practice not only consumes the time of editors and peer reviewers but also poses a risk to the reputation of journals if the same manuscript is published in more than one place. To prevent this, the Editors of the Rovedar journals request authors to submit a cover letter alongside their articles during new manuscript submissions to confirm the manuscript’s originality. Rovedar Author(s) certify that the submitted manuscript is their own original work that has not been previously published in whole or part in an academic journal or other copyrighted material. Authors certify that the submitted manuscript is not currently being reviewed for publication consideration by another journal or other copyrighted material. Author(s) agree not to submit the manuscript to another journal or other copyrighted material until such time that the manuscript is rejected by the journal or until the Author(s) notify in writing (email acceptable) the withdrawal of the manuscript from Rovedar-journal publication consideration. Author(s) agree to and accept all the terms and conditions published herein including the Rovedar Research Misconduct Policy and the journal Submission Guidelines herein.

Duplicate Publication occurs when two or more papers, without full cross-referencing, share essentially the same ideas, material, data, discussion, and conclusions.

Redundant Publications involve the inappropriate division of research results into several articles, in order to plump academic vitae.

Improper Author Contribution or Attribution occurs when there are issues with how individuals are credited for their contributions to a work. All listed authors must have made a significant scientific contribution including students and laboratory technicians to the research in the manuscript and approved all its claims.

Citation Manipulation Misconduct includes excessive citations in the submitted manuscript that do not contribute to the scholarly content of the article. The aim of this scientific misconduct is to increase citations to a given author’s work, or to articles published in a particular journal which leads to misrepresenting the importance of the specific work and journal in which it appears.

If research misconduct is alleged, suspected, or discovered subsequent to publication

  1. The editor first informs the Editorial Office by supplying copies of the relevant material and a draft letter to the corresponding author asking for an explanation in a nonjudgmental manner.
  2. In the case of an unacceptable explanation provided by the author and apparent misconduct, the matter is referred to the Publication Committee via Editorial Office for deliberation to decide whether the case is sufficiently serious to warrant a ban on future submissions.
  3. If the infraction is less severe, the Editor, upon the advice of the Publication Committee, sends the author a letter of reprimand per publication policies; if the manuscript has been published, the Editor may request the author to publish an apology to the journal to correct the record.
  4. Notification will be sent to the corresponding author and any under review work in which involved authors coauthored will be rejected immediately by Rovedar journals. The authors are prohibited from serving on the journal editorial board. Editors reserve the right to take more actions, in this regard.
  5. The authors are prohibited from being a member of the journal editorial board. Editors reserve the right to take more action in this regard.
  6. In extreme cases, notifications will be sent to the affiliations of the authors, and the authors are prohibited from submitting their work to Rovedar journals for a limited time.
  7. In case, an author persistently engages in research misconduct, such as submitting manuscripts with plagiarism, and refuses to accept the editor’s suggestions, any decision made by the editor-in-chief of the journal regarding the prohibition or restriction of the author is accepted by the publisher that is Rovedar.
  8. In serious cases of fraud that result in the retraction of the article, a retraction notice will be published in the journal and will be linked to the article in the online version. The online version will also be marked “retracted” with the retraction date. For more details kindly see Retraction/Correction/Withdrawal Policy.